Ramadhan

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Fast­ing is an act of deep per­sonal wor­ship to God in which Mus­lims seek to raise their level of God-consciousness. The act of fast­ing redi­rects the heart away from worldly activ­i­ties and towards the remem­brance of God.

 

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar cal­en­dar. It begins with the sight­ing of the new moon after which all phys­i­cally mature and healthy Mus­lims are obliged to fast for the com­plete month. Fast­ing is done as an act of wor­ship and obe­di­ence to Allah (God). Between dawn and sun­set, Mus­lims abstain from all food, drink and any kind of sex­ual con­tact. In addi­tion to this phys­i­cal com­po­nent, the spir­i­tual aspects of the fast include an added empha­sis on refrain­ing from gos­sip, lies, obscen­ity and in gen­eral, any sin­ful act. Mus­lims focus dur­ing this month on strength­en­ing their rela­tion­ship with the Cre­ator. It is a time for spir­i­tual reflec­tion, prayer and doing of good deeds. Fast­ing is intended to incul­cate self-discipline, self-restraint and generosity.

 

Dur­ing Ramadan, mosques are full of wor­ship­pers, and acts of char­ity increase, ties of broth­er­hood strengthen, anger and tem­per are con­trolled and an atmos­phere of peace pre­vails. Accord­ing to psy­chol­o­gists, these are sev­eral of the ben­e­fi­cial aspects of con­sci­en­tious fasting.